Linux 大日志文件按时间查询与分割处理

按时间查看日志

日志文件有40G:

sed -n '/2020-05-02 15:00:/,/2020-05-02 15:05:/p' catalina.out > 20200502.log

大文件分割

split命令操作

[root@iZ2ze2pmuviyporobybycvZ ~]# split --help
Usage: split [OPTION]... [INPUT [PREFIX]]
Output fixed-size pieces of INPUT to PREFIXaa, PREFIXab, ...; default
size is 1000 lines, and default PREFIX is 'x'.  With no INPUT, or when INPUT
is -, read standard input.
 
Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
  -a, --suffix-length=N   generate suffixes of length N (default 2)
      --additional-suffix=SUFFIX  append an additional SUFFIX to file names
  -b, --bytes=SIZE        put SIZE bytes per output file
  -C, --line-bytes=SIZE   put at most SIZE bytes of lines per output file
  -d, --numeric-suffixes[=FROM]  use numeric suffixes instead of alphabetic;
                                   FROM changes the start value (default 0)
  -e, --elide-empty-files  do not generate empty output files with '-n'
      --filter=COMMAND    write to shell COMMAND; file name is $FILE
  -l, --lines=NUMBER      put NUMBER lines per output file
  -n, --number=CHUNKS     generate CHUNKS output files; see explanation below
  -u, --unbuffered        immediately copy input to output with '-n r/...'
      --verbose           print a diagnostic just before each
                            output file is opened
      --help     display this help and exit
      --version  output version information and exit
 
SIZE is an integer and optional unit (example: 10M is 10*1024*1024).  Units
are K, M, G, T, P, E, Z, Y (powers of 1024) or KB, MB, ... (powers of 1000).
 
CHUNKS may be:
N       split into N files based on size of input
K/N     output Kth of N to stdout
l/N     split into N files without splitting lines
l/K/N   output Kth of N to stdout without splitting lines
r/N     like 'l' but use round robin distribution
r/K/N   likewise but only output Kth of N to stdout
 
GNU coreutils online help: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>
For complete documentation, run: info coreutils 'split invocation'

按文件行数分割

catalina.out 按50000分割一个文件:

split -l 50000 -d --verbose catalina.out base-split-name
 
#输出
base-split-name00
base-split-name01
base-split-name02
......

按文件大小分割

除了按照行数切割之外,split还支持通过文件大小进行切割,通过指定-b参数指定文件大小进行切割,文件大小单位支持K, M, G, T, P, E, Z,如下以切割为500M演示文件切割过程。

split -b 500M -d --verbose catalina.out base-split-name
 
#输出
base-split-name00
 
......

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